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By Gazi Hassan and Manaswini Vijayakumar

From “hug diplomacy” to chai per charcha with world leaders, a significant shift has been witnessed in the way India used to conduct its foreign policy. What is new is the importance given to personal and direct relationship with the world leaders. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is known for going out of the box by breaking protocols in order to greet, meet and receive world leaders visiting India. These symbolic gestures show how giving importance to personalised relationship can actually help build relationship between India and other countries.

In April 2015, the BJP’s national executive led by Modi enunciated panchamrit (literally, five sacred foods), i.e., the five pillars of his foreign policy: sammān (dignity, honour), samvād (engagement, dialogue), samriddhi (shared prosperity), suraksha (regional and global security) and sanskritievamsabhyata (cultural and civilisational linkages).

Gazi Hassan is a Senior Research Associate and Manaswini Vijayakumar is a Research Associate at CPPR Centre for Strategic Studies. Views expressed are personal and need not reflect or represent the views of Centre for Public Policy Research

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1 Comment

  1. Vikrant Rao says:

    Well-written article. However, as a researcher in the Humanities myself, I wonder if it would not be more helpful to reference your sources within the text allowing readers to differentiate between genuine views expressed and those which are attributed/borrowed?

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