September 14, 2023

Transit Advertising Framework: The Silver Bullet to India’s Public Transport Woes

Transit Advertising refers to the use of advertisement spaces available on various modes of public transit. Buses provide a unique opportunity for companies by acting as mobile billboards and reaching audiences across income classes. This is seen as an extremely […]
August 26, 2023

The SCO’s Expansion Through Iran’s Membership

In a significant move aimed at further enhancing its scope and influence, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) has extended its membership to accommodate a new entrant. Iran, a long-standing observer of the organisation since 2005, has now crossed a significant […]
August 9, 2023

The Unsolved Questions in the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code

Since its enactment seven years ago, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 has encountered several unresolved issues that have impacted its effectiveness in achieving the intended objectives. The primary aim of introducing the IBC in 2016 was to streamline the […]
July 11, 2023

Land Titles to Slum Dwellers: A Solution to the Affordable Housing Crisis?

Urbanisation opened up employment opportunities that drove people from rural areas to urban cities. However, the difficulty of affording a house pushed these labourers, who were mostly migrants, to live in informal settlements that gradually evolved into slums. The earliest […]
July 11, 2023

Bicycles: Is it an Alternative Mode of Transport in Contemporary Indian Cities? Discussion Around Challenges and Factors to Be Considered

In the fast-moving world and ever-changing climate conditions in the world, the push for bicycles as an alternative or a complementary mode of mobility is increasing day by day. There are multiple factors and discussions that should be taken into […]
May 9, 2023

Electric Mobility Development in Buses

The transport sector accounts for one-third of the total crude oil consumed in the country, where 80 percent is consumed by road transportation alone. This sector contributes 142 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, of which 123 million tonnes is released […]
December 5, 2022

The Prominence of India’s Candidacy as a Permanent Member in the UNSC

In the UN General Assembly that was held recently, the representatives of states such as Jamaica, Bhutan, and Nepal praised India for its assistance during the uncertain time of the pandemic. By providing free doses of vaccines, financial aid, and […]
October 25, 2022

Free is not fair

Indian political leaders use various populist methods to garner votes from citizens; freebies being the most pursued method. Any free goods or services the government offers citizens is a government freebie. It includes a scheme designed to benefit a section […]
October 7, 2022

Women Prostitution in India

Prostitution is the practice or business where people participate in sexual activity in exchange for money, and a person engaged in this field is referred to as a prostitute. According to the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), there are over […]
October 7, 2022

DisComs Subsidies paralysing Electricity Regime of India: A Case for Direct Benefit Transfer

The financial health of Power Distribution Companies (DisComs) has deteriorated over the years, mainly caused by the non-collection of dues and subsidies coupled with high levels of losses. The total loss by DisComs in the country is estimated to be […]
September 30, 2022

Economic Digitalisation in India, where are the Border Lines?

Digitalisation in India is happening on a national scale, rapidly all social and economic sectors are integrating the latest digital reforms into their structures.  Currently, more than 6,300 FinTechs are actively working in the country, and 28 percent of these promote […]
September 12, 2022

Looking Beyond Roe Vs. Wade

by Kalyani Balagopal The recent overturning of the landmark ‘Roe Vs Wade’ judgement raises a conundrum on the future of assisted reproduction in the country, particularly the creation of multiple embryos in In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). Moreover, the impact of the […]
August 9, 2022

Tracking India’s Railway Diplomacy

by Gowri Dixit Indian Railways has grown from a colonial hand-me-down to a means of displaying India’s soft power. With what started as a humanitarian gesture in the mid-1980s by supplying and building railway lines in Iraq, India’s Railway Diplomacy […]
August 9, 2022

The problem of educated unemployment in Kerala

In Kerala, the youth account for around 23 per cent of the State’s population. The Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) report suggests that unemployment rates are high for the young population of Kerala among other age groups. The unemployment rate among […]
July 15, 2022

The need for a policy initiative in the New Economy domain

The rapidity at which the gig economy or platform economy or new economy services has spread across the world is a classic story of innovation in the demand-supply economics. Gig work encompasses contract based jobs for short term employment on […]
July 10, 2022

Are we adding fuel to fire? A Case Study of Green Tax on Vehicles in Kerala

With the underlying principle of “polluter pays”, green tax was introduced in 2021 by the Government of India as an attempt to reduce the number of older vehicles on the road, thereby pushing people towards buying newer, less polluting vehicles. […]
April 13, 2022


Mental health can be defined as a state of well-being in which individuals can cope with normal stresses of life and function productively. Whereas, mental illness can be described as a mental condition during which an individual is negatively affected […]
April 13, 2022

State’s Expectations with Civil Society Partnerships

Civil Society, in general and organisations, in particular have played, and continue to play a role in the policy process. At different times, and due to diverse demands, the civil society has either contributed in policy formulation and implementation, or […]
October 12, 2021


Covid-19 Pandemic drastically altered many things including Female Labour Participation Ratio (FLPR). Economists witnessed strange and asymmetric FLPR around the world prompting them to call it a phenomenon of “She-cession”. This article captures two decades of FLPR in the BRICS […]
October 6, 2021

Spanish Flu & ‘W’ Shaped Mortality Age Profile: Lessons For Present Pandemic

Introduction In 1918, an H1N1 influenza strain emerged to cause the Spanish flu pandemic, a disaster that has been called the ‘greatest medical holocaust in history’. 50 million people died of Spanish Flu in the course of two years from […]
October 6, 2021

BRICS & Covid-19 Casualties: Lessons from Four Continents

Introduction Since 2001, when Goldman Sachs economist, Jim O’ Neill grouped the BRICS countries for their rapid economic development, it has become an important forum connecting the economies of four continents. Its member countries- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South […]