The G20 (Group of Twenty) is the premier international forum for global economic and financial issues. It comprises of 19 countries and the European Union (EU). Its members account for more than 80% of world GDP, 75% of global trade and 60% of the world’s population. This primer explains the grouping, its scope and history, its membership, its rotating presidency and troika system, its engagement groups and issues on the G20’s agenda. It concludes with a view on the legitimacy of the grouping and also discusses India’s upcoming presidency of the G20.

This Issue brief is written by Purvaja Modak, Research Fellow, International Relations – Geoeconomics, Centre for Public Policy Research.

Click here to read: G20: The Economic Steering Committee for the World

Purvaja Modak
Purvaja Modak
Purvaja Modak is a Research Fellow, International Relations – Geoeconomics at CPPR. Her research focuses on issues of global economic governance, international trade and finance, economic diplomacy and multilateral financial institutions. Prior to joining CPPR, she was a Researcher for Geoeconomic Studies and the Manager of the Research Office at Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations, a Mumbai based foreign policy think tank.. She was a fellow at the 2nd G20 Global Leadership Programme 2019, hosted by the Korean Development Institute (KDI) and the Korean Ministry of Strategy and Finance. Purvaja has also held Research Assistant and Research Associate positions in her academic departments at both Bachelors and Masters levels. She has also interned at Reliable Investments, an exclusive franchisee of Motilal Oswal Securities Ltd. She holds a Masters degree in Economics (MA) from the University of Mumbai with a focus on international trade, finance and regional monetary arrangements and a Bachelors Degree in Economics (BA) from Jai Hind College, Mumbai.

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