By, D. Dhanuraj and Rahul V. Kumar


The paper examines the higher education scenario in India and attempts to point out why very few serious investors invest in higher educational sector. Several factors are responsible for this. Primary among these are the legal and legislative hurdles in several federal states. It is also seen that the bad precedent set by the existing institutions dissuade serious investments. These factors have led to specific problems for serious investors in this sector in India. The paper identifies these problems and suggests that a possible change in perception towards higher education would be most desired in the current milieu. Certain contours of change in perception are identified.

In India, education is in the concurrent list, where federal states and the central government share responsibilities. Until recently, legislations in higher education prohibited profit making in the sector. Higher education was defined as a not-for-profit sector.

The nodal ministry for education in India is the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). The MHRD has a Department of Higher education which is the apex department “for the overall development of the basic infrastructure of Higher Education sector”. The University Grants Commission (UGC) under the Department of Higher Education in the MHRD acts as the coordinator as well as prescriber of standards for education in the country.


  • Understanding the Status of Higher Education in India: Challenges and Scepticism towards Serious Investments in the Sector
  • The Higher Educational Infrastructure in India
  • Legislations and Institutional Regulations in Higher Education
  • Accreditation of higher educational institutions
  • Private Sector in Higher Education: Prevailing Scepticism
  • Allegations against Private Colleges and Deemed Universities
  • Issues Plaguing the Private University System in India
  • Identifying the Problems in Higher Educational Institutions in India
  • Problems related to Regulatory, Institutional and Decision making
  • Cost of Regulating the Sector

Read the full paper here: Higher Education Report

D. Dhanuraj
D. Dhanuraj
Dr D Dhanuraj is the Chairman and Managing Trustee of CPPR. He holds a PhD in Science & Humanities (Anna University), MSc Physics (Mahatma Gandhi University) and MA Political Science (Madras Christian College). He also holds a Post Graduate Executive Diploma in International Business from Loyola Institute of Business Administration, Chennai, and has undergone training by TTMBA of Atlas USA, IAF Germany, FEE USA, etc. His core areas of expertise are in urbanisation, urban transport & infrastructure, education, health, livelihood, law, and election analysis. He can be contacted by email at or on Twitter @dhanuraj

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